Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Marx in relation to organic wholes and freedom, Schelling, Fichte

I'm indebted to Beiser's "Romantic Imperative", about the early German Romantic philosophers for this line of thought. It seems that the absolute freedom of the individual 'I' to determine its own destiny first goes out to be a collective determining through democratic decision making, where many 'I's determine the way society as a whole should go, thereby transferring the action from the individual 'I' to the collective 'I' that we as individuals help make up and that is partly made up by the social relationships that we have with one another. This collective, social, 'I', in its power to determine its own destiny, can choose to recreate the social, socio-economic, organic structure of society in any way that it sees fit, with the only limits being the limits imposed by the viability or non-viability of the structure itself. Because of this, people can essentially co-create their future through a sort of revolution in the form of society taken as a socio-economic organic whole, directing it through the recreation of society to something juster and more meaningful. Marx's particular view was that the social 'I' in capitalist democratic society did not remain united but was undermined by the economic progress that separated citizens into workers and owners. Capital took control of society, putting another barrier between forces of the social 'I', and the owners of Capital thereby dominated society. Society, in this opinion, needs to take back control of Capital, to put it under social control, but in order to do that the folks who were shunted into the role of workers need to come to power. Once workers are in control of society, and have social control over the Capital that has previously dominated over society, and other class divisions are eliminated, making everyone workers to some degree or another, then the social 'I' can be reformed and society can truly act in concert in order to direct its social development towards a new socio-economic organic whole of its choosing.

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